Home automation, know what it is and how it works

Home automation, know what it is and how it works


The smart home is already a reality in Brazil. Through home automation, it is possible to program temperature, lighting, sound, security, and more, all with simple clicks on your smartphone, for example, whether you are at home or not.

Opening and closing blinds, increasing or decreasing the air conditioning and even scheduling these movements are all possible when it comes to automation.

But, after all, how does this system work? Is it possible to have a smart home in a standard apartment? How much does it cost to have an automated house? What does “automation-ready” mean?

These are some of the common questions about home automation for those curious about it. In this post, we’ll explain everything about this intelligent system, so you can choose how and what to do to make your home more comfortable through digital intelligence.

What is home automation?

Home automation is an electronic and digital system that allows you to control and schedule the automatic activation of several devices you have at home, from smartphonestablets or computers.

It is possible to connect to this network from lamps, curtains, air conditioning, television, alarms, cameras and even household appliances such as a coffee maker. The only requirement for a device to connect to the automation network is that it must be electrical.

Devices connected to the home automation system.

Devices connected to the home automation system.

The automation system connects the equipment to a controller, a central connection to the internet. The system configuration, to activate and program the connected devices, is done via Wi-Fi, through digital applications or command panels.

The control panels are usually installed in an easily accessible location in the house, such as in the entrance hall, in the living room, or in an environment of circulation and relationship between rooms, being similar to a tablet attached to the wall.

But it doesn’t stop there, in addition to apps and control panels, it is possible to activate devices through well-known personal mobile devices, such as the famous Alexa, from Amazon Echo, which is also, connected to the Wi-Fi network, is controlled by voice.

Yes, you can “chat” and ask your smart home for things; with a simple: “Alexa, turn off the lights in the room” or “Alexa, turn on the air conditioning” and even “Alexa, open the door”.

Advantages of Home Automation 

The two main advantages of home automation, without a doubt, are comfort and safety. With a home automation system, you can go out for the day, or several, without worrying about what the house looks like and what it will be like when you return.

Rain or shine, you can control your home and make it perfect to welcome yourself.

And when you’re at home, comfort is even clearer ⏤ you don’t have to leave the sofa or the home office to close and open windows and doors, change the temperature and the lighting. It’s more than comfort, it’s practicality for your day-to-day and residential efficiency.

As you may have already noticed, the advantages of home automation are many, after all the combination of the system is infinite and tailored to your specific needs.

Types of automation

Home automation can be done in different ways, wired or wireless, and in all cases, it is essential to be connected to a Wi-Fi internet network, as it is through it that you can control your entire home.

When performed via cables, an exclusive electrical installation for the automation network is required, in which all wires are routed to a control panel. These cables connect devices such as lamps, shade, air conditioners, to the control panel, and you can activate them using the panel or a mobile device.

Home automation control panel.

Home automation control panel.

Wireless automation, on the other hand, does not require a physical structure, as it is done directly by connecting smart devices to a Wi-Fi network. The difference between the previous method to this one is that the devices have to provide a connection to the Wi-Fi network by themselves.

Yes, there are already from refrigerators to vacuum cleaners with Wi-Fi. This second way is simpler and more mobile, in other words, a perfect option for those who live on rent and don’t want to mess with the apartment’s electrical wiring. All you need is devices that have Wi-Fi and a central controller to connect them.

What does “apartment prepared for home automation” mean?

It is increasingly common, both for new luxury developments and for compact apartments, to notice that among the characteristics of the description appears the phrase: “apartment prepared for home automation”. But what does it mean?

Although the expression “prepared for home automation” may suggest that the apartment is delivered with all the automation system cabling ready, and with a control panel, this is not always the case.

Most of the time, it means that the apartment contains an electrical installation prepared to receive the devices for automation. In fact, it can only mean that the apartment has a space to receive this cabling.

Therefore, it is important to always confirm with the construction company what the phrase means for the building in question. This way, misunderstandings are avoided and you can be free to choose the system and devices you want to automate your home.

The price of home automation

As seen before, home automation can be done in many ways, from the simplest and therefore cheaper, to the complex, fully customized, where the sky is also the limit for the price of the system.

For a wired home automation project, a unique automation project is required, according to the apartment, needs and devices. The system comprises the installation project and programming. Therefore, the price varies depending on the size and complexity of each project.

When automation is done only using intelligent devices independently, the value of such equipment will be the price of automation. This method is less complex and therefore cheaper.

If you’re new to the subject and want to gradually experiment with how an automated home works, a great idea is to buy digital equipment, which you can control via mobile devices, such as light bulbs, appliances or smart sockets.

Interested in the topic? Learn more about the smart home and how technology can be in your home.